|Street names||Morning after pill|
|Medical names||Post-coital contraception, LNG-EC, Levonelle® (brand), Norlevo® (brand), Postinor® (brand)|
|It lasts||1 time only|
|Fertility||Usual ovulation will return after taking it|
|Who can use it?||People with a vagina and uterus of any age from menarche to menopause|
|Hormones||Contains progestogen hormone|
|Visibility||You will need to answer a series of questions at a pharmacy|
|STIs||No protection ?|
|Side effects||Nausea, headache, and uterine bleeding|
|Cost||$30 for 1 dose|
|Where to get it||Available at pharmacies. If you are in Queensland and under 16 years of age you will need to visit a reproductive and sexual health clinic or your local doctor for a prescription first|
How does it work?
If you have not yet ovulated, it will delay ovulation. If you have already ovulated it will change the mucus lining of the uterus so that any eggs (ova) in the fallopian tubes will not stick to the uterus wall. This prevents pregnancy.
The emergency contraceptive pill must be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. It is effective for up to 3 days (72 hours) after unprotected sex. The street name ‘morning after pill’ does not reflect how the pill works. It doesn’t matter what time of day the sexual intercourse happens, you may be able to access the pill sooner than the day after.
Also consider using the Copper IUD as an emergency contraceptive method. It works as an emergency contraceptive when inserted within 1-5 days after unprotected sex. It is more effective in preventing pregnancy and it will work as a long term contraceptive.
The emergency contraceptive pill contains 1.5mg of a progestogen hormone called levonorgestrel. It only works as a contraceptive once.
What’s it like to use?
If you are at risk of an unplanned pregnancy you may feel emotionally stressed or depressed. There is support available.
Side effects can be experienced soon after taking the medication. Uterine bleeding usually starts within 1 week and can be much like a menstrual period.
The emergency contraceptive pill is only 85% effective. If after 3 weeks of taking the pill you have not experienced uterine or menstrual bleeding, consider taking a pregnancy test and/or seeing a doctor.
It is a good idea to visit a reproductive and sexual health clinic or your local doctor after you have used the emergency contraceptive pill to discuss your ongoing contraceptive options.
What if I forget about it?
If it is more than 5 days after unprotected sex, check to see if you are pregnant. You can buy a pregnancy test from a Pharmacy or have a test done during at an appointment with a clinician.
Who can use it?
People with a vagina and uterus of any age, from menarche to menopause.
After you take the emergency contraceptive pill your body may take time to adjust to the added hormones.Read the instructions on the packet carefully. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, headaches, breast tenderness, mood changes and acne. Sometimes anti-nausea medication may be used to manage side effects. Uterine bleeding will usually begin within one week of taking the pill.
If you need emergency contraception you may also be at risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Consider having an STI test.
If at any point you feel that this contraceptive method is making you feel uncomfortable or unwell, get advice from a doctor or medical professional. If it is an emergency, call an ambulance on 000.
How and where to get it
Reproductive and sexual health clinics have emergency appointments available for people who need to access emergency contraception.
The emergency contraceptive pill is available from a pharmacy without a prescription. In Queensland if you are under 16 you may need to get a prescription from a reproductive and sexual health clinic, your local doctor, or emergency department of your local hospital.
At the pharmacy you will need to ask to speak to a pharmacist and tell them you would like to purchase Emergency Contraception. They will ask you some questions to make sure that taking the EC will be useful and not harmful to you. You can ask to talk somewhere private with a pharmacist. Lots of people use emergency contraception, so they will be used to talking to people about it. You can ask the pharmacist questions about how it works.
A pharmacist might need to document some of the information from your conversation for their records. Pharmacists need to respect your privacy and will keep information about you confidential. This means that they cannot tell other people, including family members or teachers, about giving you EC, or any other medicines you are taking.
You can also get a prescription in advance from a reproductive and sexual health clinic or your local doctors if you think that you may need emergency contraception in the future.
The emergency contraceptive pill costs around $30.
What if you change your mind
The emergency contraceptive pill is a single dose. It will not have any long term effect on your ovulation or fertility.